Fazenda Pântano is located in the Cerrado close to the city of Patos de Minas at an altitude of 1,150 meters and covers a total area of 550 hectares. More than 300 hectares of the land are allocated for permanent natural forest reserves, which is six times more than the legal requirement under Brazilian law. The farm has over 200 varietals, most of which are in experimental production, and is working closely with the Brazilian Coffee Research Institute to experiment with processing and flavour.
The most impressive factor on Fazenda Pantano is Wagner’s realisation that each part of his land is different and requires varying levels of care. He is fastidious with waste and has plans in place to reduce the use of chemicals and water as much as possible in the coming years. Currently, Wagner’s farm is divided into plots which are made up of 1 hectare squares. He has conducted soil analysis on each hectare of his farm and prescribes individual treatment with water and pesticides accordingly. There is a meteorological station on site to ensure water is being used correctly, taking into account the following factors on each hectare:
- Daily necessity of water
- Amount of rain
- Retention of water in soil
- Effect of evaporation and wind
- Amount of ground water in first 40cm of soil
Once again, Pantano has been a pioneering farm in Minas Gerais being the first one in the region to treat each hectare individually and then show equal levels of attention in the post-harvest processing and production of the coffee. Once harvested the coffee is then separated by density with the ripe cherry being selected and then pulped with most of the mucilage removed before it is then laid out on the patio for drying for between 7 -10 days.